Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects children under the age of 16 years. It causes inflammation that occurs in a process; the joints will first become inflamed and stiff, this might lead to damage of the joints as the disease progresses. This disease affects many children and if not diagnosed and treated early enough, it can lead to deformity for the whole of a child’s lifetime. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is categorized in three categories; among the three types is the mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. These categories are classified depending on how each one of them manifests itself in the body and how also depending on the number of joints affected.
Classification of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is very important in helping determine the course the disease will take in future and also help in understanding how to handle each type. Mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the least joints as compared to other juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The most affected by mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are young girls under the age of 8 years as compared to boys of the same age. Of all the children suffering from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, approximately 50% are affected by mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis usually affects one joint; either the knee joint or the ankle. It is mild and can last for a few days and go. It can also affect the larger joints the commonly affected being the knee, wrist and the ankle joints. In some case it can cause iris inflammation and if not taken care of can lead to blindness. To avoid such a case, it is always good to take your child to an eye physician for early treatment. The joints mostly involved in mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are the knees, cervical spine, and hip joint and ankles. When the knees or the ankles are affected, you are likely to note your child limping slightly; this should be a caution to make you take your child to a doctor for further assessment.
Just like any other rheumatoid arthritis, mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can cause a lifetime problems to your child if not treated early enough. You can make early treatment happen by taking your child to the doctor immediately you note the initial symptoms; remember that a child will never speak for herself or himself and therefore you need to be very keen with your child’s change of behavior. This way you will be able to explain to the doctor the unusual signs that you are observing in your kid. The effects of mono-articular rheumatoid arthritis include joint pain, inflammation, fatigue and stiffness.
In case the disease is not taken care of early enough, it can lead to more severe and serious effects such as deformity, joint destruction and disability. If such a case happens, the child can lead a very miserable life. It is therefore important not to ignore any weird symptoms from your child; remember that mono-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis affects only one joint and therefore you will not expect symptoms such as symmetrical pain. Therefore if the child complains of a joint pain, take him or her to a doctor for test.