Early signs of rheumatoid arthritis in hands can be felt by a patient if he or she finds any difficulty in holding things that are of daily uses. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease where one’s immune system attacks the body cells and tissues. The fluids (bursae), which help to proper movement of the muscles and tendons, are affected by this inflammation. This inflammatory condition of the disease affects the tender synovial joints of hands especially the fingers. Though there is no as such cure or rheumatoid arthritis but its early diagnosis and proper treatment can provide some relief in the long run of the disease. Rheumatoid symptoms can be first felt in the small joints of fingers and the hands. In this disease more than one joint are affected. Flares are such condition that may come and go in a regular interval of time and this continues until permanent damage is done to the joints. Some preliminary sings like swelling, pain in the joints of the knuckles can be observed. The affected areas get stiffed and there is a feeling of warmth when touched. Due to pinched nerves, the finger joints become tingly and they often begin to creak. Stiffness, feeling of heat and formation of lumps are other early signs of rheumatoid arthritis in hands.
Stiffness– Stiffness is another sign that prevails in most of the patients. This stiffness of the joints especially to the hands and the legs are observed in the morning and that too for more than one hour. This happens when movement of the joints are restricted due to sleeping in night. So patients are advised to have proper movement exercise of the affected joints.
Feeling of heat– When the joints are inflamed, a feeling of head is observed in the joint linings and this is followed by fever to the patient. The hands especially the fingers may look puffy when swelling takes place. As the disease is termed symmetric, which means the symptoms of one hand may go to the other hand. Not only that the affected areas of knuckles and wrists may get discolored.
Formation of lumps– Lumps means an irregular shaped mass or piece can be seen on the affected areas. These bumps are formed under the skin of the hands and may further move to the other body parts like wrists, arms, etc. The formation of bumps can be seen on both sides of the affected area. Fingers get collapsed once the bumps affect the tendons completely. Deformities occur due to these symptoms. A symptom called boutonniere, where the middle finger of the hand is deformed and swans neck is a symptom when there is deformity on the tip of the finger.
Early signs of rheumatoid arthritis in hands can be prevented. This needs proper diagnosis and its treatment. Its treatment may include several conventional drugs like N S A I D s and D M A R D s. On the other hand proper exercise of those joints is very helpful in eradicating the inflammation and pain.