Fish oil and rheumatoid arthritis cannot be separated with each other, especially in this present period, as we have come across the several facts and features of fish oils which are helpful in treating some symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. We are well aware of the fact that fish oils decreases the symptoms like pain and inflammation of a patient suffering from auto immune disease like R A. So it is required to have fish oils in our daily diet. In fish oils polyunsaturated fatty acids like Omega 3 fatty acid and Omega 6 fatty acids are found in high concentration. Fish oils are nothing but lipids, which are mostly found in some cold water fishes and vegetable oils.
The components found biologically in this fish oil are E P A, which is a 20 carbon eicosapentaenoic acid and D H A, which is a 22 carbon eicosapentaenoic acid. Both this components D H A and E P A are natural form of triacylglycerols. Cell membranes are made up of P U F A (polyunsaturated fatty acids), containing D H A, which is a vital component of phospholipids, and there is some trace of generating chemicals from these acids, which are inflammatory in nature.
Omega 3 fatty acids
This is nothing but polyunsaturated fats, which acts by diminishing some inflammation by restricting the ejection of cytokines and some enzymes that plays an important role in eroding the cartilages and the bones. These fish oils are very necessary in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. These acids are found in some cold water fishes like salmon, tuna, sardines, herring, etc. The chemicals generated from these oils have anti inflammatory effect. There is long chain and short chain of this fatty acid. Long chain has more anti inflammatory property where as short chain has low anti inflammatory property and is used in combination with conventional medicines to counter with inflammatory disease.
Omega 6 fatty acids
Omega 6 fatty acids are a family of unsaturated fatty acids. This has a property of converting arachidonic acid into prostaglandin and leukotriene hormones, which helps in treating some symptoms like pain and inflammation caused due to rheumatoid arthritis, but excessive intake of these fats may lead to several diseases. Human body cannot make these fatty acids so they have to outsource it from outside. Some source of these acids is poultry, eggs, nuts, vegetable oil, borage oil, etc. Cox 2 enzyme converts these fatty acids into inflammatory chemicals and reduces the inflammation by blocking those enzymes.
Thus by replacing this omega 6 fatty acids with that of omega 3, can definitely help in reducing pain and inflammation, and this can happen if fish oils are included in our diet. It has been researched that consuming fish oils orally can decrease the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Though fish oil and rheumatoid arthritis may go parallel by benefitting each other, but should not be taken without consulting your doctor, as this is just supplement and replacement of the conventional medicines.