When the traditional treatment for rheumatoid arthritis like the D M A R D (disease modifying anti rheumatic drug) fails to deal with the disease that is when rheumatoid arthritis biologics medicines come into act. Due to this, a major advancement in medical field is now observed.
WORKING OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS BIOLOGICS MEDICINE
Medicines created or produced by biologic process and devoid of any chemical is a simplified definition of biologics medicines. It is produced from the human genes by genetically modifying and engineering. As basic problem of rheumatoid arthritis is swelling of joints, rheumatoid arthritis biologics medicine blocks or suppresses it, which makes these medicines a great discovery
When the primary medicines fail to deliver the wanted results and unable to give patient the much needed relief rheumatoid arthritis biologics medicines are then prescribed as the suitable medicine. It is generally prescribed to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis sufferers though moderate sufferers are also prescribed in many occasions.
Biologics medicines directly targets the main source rather than dealing with it round and round. It is simultaneously given along with the other common medicines but can be used solely to treat R A. It is especially effective as an aggressive mode of treatment. As treatment of R A with conventional medicine is time bound and sometimes causes major disability but biologics medicines work promptly to minimize this risk.
SIDE EFFECTS AND LIMITATIONS OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS BIOLOGICS MEDICINES
Almost thirty percent of R A patient suffers rashes in and around the injected area. Sometimes strain and pain can also be a common problem of biologics medicines. With almost every immune suppressive drug like biologics, patients are prone to other diseases and varieties of infections. It is highly advisable to any patient receiving biologic medicine to consult physician if fever persists long and also if somebody develops different unexplained symptoms. Doctors give vaccinations to counter these symptoms but once the treatment is running, one shouldn’t consider of taking vaccinations along with the biologic medicines.
Biologics medicines particularly don’t go well with patients suffering from multiple sclerosis and cardiac problems. It is seen in many cases that rheumatoid arthritis biologics medicines ignite dormant diseases; such as TB (tuberculosis). Another major drawback of these medicines is; as these medicines are in its inception period often the long time side effects couldn’t be evaluated. Patient’s undergone surgery is advised by the physician to avoid biologic medicine, unless the stitch or wound is completely healed.
There is only injection and intravenous infusions available to be given to the patients, oral medicines are not available in this point of time. Another major limitation of R A biologics medicines is; they are only tested in animals for experiment purpose to study the aspects regarding fertility but it is never applied in realistic scenario. Still now pregnant or newly mother is advised by the physician to avoid this specific treatment.
Not all biologics medicines are approved for the R A treatment but few are approved, some are:Actemra, Cimzia, Enbrel, Remicade, Orencia, Kineret, Simponi, Rituxan and Humira