What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder. It is an autoimmune disease where immune system attacks the body cells. It causes joint pain, inflammation, wear and tear of bones, stiffness, etc. It leads to rapid detritions of several joints and results in loss of function and acute pain. It attacks the synovial joints like, wrist, hands, knees, and hips. One out of every 100 individual suffers from this chronic disorder and women are more likely to suffer than men.
Symptoms of Hip Rheumatoid Arthritis
Patients suffering from RA may have severe pain, inflammation, and stiffness in the hip region. There is a sort of stiffness and discomfort in the lower back, thigh and at the junction of the inner part of each thigh. Other symptoms may include loss of appetite, fever, rashes, fatigue, swelling, etc which may appear suddenly o gradually. Though the actual cause of RA is not yet revealed, but doctors believe that some factors like, hormones, genetics, and environmental factors play a vital role in the occurrence of this disease.
Diagnosis of RA
It is very difficult to analyze arthritis specially RA, through any diagnosis, but now a days by doing several blood tests and some sort of X-rays may reveal the fact. There are some other tests like, bone scan, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), and ultrasound to detect Rheumatoid Arthritis. Early diagnosis is very important for a good treatment.
Types of arthritis that affects hips
There are basically three types of arthritis that affects hips such as SystemicLupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Ankylosing Spondylitis.
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: It is a type of long term autoimmune disorder, that had a bad record of affecting the joints especially the hips and other organs like kidney, brain etc. Though the actual cause is not known, but it is more common in women. It may also be caused due to consumption of certain drugs. Some of its symptoms are general discomfort, mouth sores,hair loss, fatigue and swollen lymph nodes.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: It is a chronic inflammatory disorder which affects the joints like hip, knee, wrists, etc. In this women are more prone to have it then men. It certainly affects the joints from both sides of the body, at the same time.
- Ankylosing Spondylitis: It is also a type of chronic, inflammatory disease of the axial skeleton, and mainly affects the spine and the sacroiliac joint in the pelvis, and can cause destruction of the spine, leading a patient into deformity. It leaves the patient with complete rigidity of the spine, also known as ‘bamboo spine’. Some symptoms may show swelling of eyes, eye pain causing redness, loss of vision, etc. If this condition prevails, it may cause pain and inflammation to some larger joints of the limbs. It is more prone to men than women.
There are several anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) like leflunomide (arava), sulfasalazine (azulfidine), adalimumab (humira), anakinra (kineret), methotrexate (rheumatrex), azathiaprine (imuran), rituximab (rituxan), infliximab (remicade), etc. But inspite of these drugs, if the disease goes on deterioting,
some sort of surgery becomes mandatory like hip joint replacement and so on. But a natural way to eradicate this disease, it becomes necessary to do some physical exercise and some therapies.