Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systematic inflammatory disorder, which primarily affects the joints and many a times the tissues and the organs, leading to deformity of our body. RA in knees, is one of the most common arthritis, also known as “wear and tear” or “deformities” joint disease. Women are three times more likely to have arthritis than men and children experience. RA may vary from person to person, depending upon, age, sex, weight, and working condition of the patient.
RA of the knee
Unlike Osteoarthritis, RA is a serious type of inflammatory arthritis that not only affects adult of any age but also the young children. It is a chronic autoimmune disease, where the immune system attacks several joints, leading them to deformity. RA generally attacks patients in a chronological order that is affecting first, the both hands, then knees, feet, elbows, and then other body parts like lungs, kidneys, eyes etc. It causes unbearable joint pain followed by swelling, stiffness, and deformity.
Signs and Symptoms of Knee RA
Generally the pain associated with RA may develop gradually and in some cases it may grow suddenly. The knee joints get swollen and become stiff, making it, difficult to bend or straighten it. The swelling and pain gets worsen specially in the morning but may also have so after some activities like running, playing, or walking. Weakness in the knee is often caused due to pain and swelling, resulting in a “lock” or “knock” of the knee. There are several reports of pain, especially in the limbs due to some weather changes.
Who are affected with knee arthritis?
Certainly, people who crosses the age of 50 years, tends to have different types of arthritis, especially those, who are overweight. Genetic factors may also be the cause of RA, which means the trend of having arthritis from one generation to another. Some other factors which may play a pivotal role to have RA are fractures to the bone around the joint, ligament damage or trauma to the knee.
What is knee RA?
RA is more painful than Osteoarthritis as it causes the joints to become tender, swollen and warm. Synovial fluid (is a viscous, fluid found in the cavities of diarthrosis also called synovial joints, which helps in movement at the point of contact of the articulating bones), decreases in RA, causing friction among the bones, which leads to inflammation and unbearable pain.
Unfortunately, Rheumatoid Arthritis is incurable, but some early treatment can help to reduce pain, joint inflammation, by promoting a patient to do his regular basic works. The best way to get relieved from RA is to have proper treatment, including medication, exercise, and some physical therapy. Mind it following a healthy lifestyle, with consumption of a balanced diet and early treatment can be very helpful to the patients suffering from RA.