Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease that affects the synovial joints like toe, elbow, knee, and destroys the bones and tissues. The preliminary effect of rheumatoid arthritis can be seen in the smaller joints like those in the toes and the fingers. Deformity of rheumatoid arthritis in toes is a severe symptom of this chronic disease.
What causes rheumatoid in toes?
Due to rheumatoid arthritis the joints of the toes gets swelled and is often accompanied by pain. This can cause severe destruction to the joints of the foot and can lead a patient to lame. The linings of the joints called capsule gets inflamed at its inception. As a result of this inflammation the fluids that fills the joint creates some sort of pain and the lining joint of the cartilages gets wear out. The spacing between the bones becomes narrow and it causes friction among them. Due to deterioration of the ligaments and the capsule lining of the joints, some sort of deformity may occur to a patient. Dislocation of the bones especially in the toes can be seen, if the loosening of the ligaments becomes promotes in due course of time.
Problems caused due to deformity in toes
Rheumatoid arthritis in toes causes many problems like:
- Swelling is accompanied with pain in the toes.
- Patient finds difficulty in doing the regular chores of life like walking, sitting, jogging, working, etc.
- The toes find difficulty in clawing.
- The fluxed toe or the big toe turns out ward.
- Toes turns in to some condition called bunions or hammer toe.
Way to know rheumatoid arthritis in toes
Rheumatoid arthritis in toes could be known by diagnosing, that may contain some blood tests like rheumatoid factor, tumor necrosis factor (T N F), some X-rays, M R I, and by ultrasound.
Rheumatoid arthritis is incurable in nature. So the treatment involves in preventing the further deterioration of the affected joints from getting wear and tear and by relieving the patient from pain and inflammation. In both the situations the aim is to make easier for the patients to work and perform the daily chores of life, without being a burden to their family. The first treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in toes could be achieved by some surgery. This surgery is done to the toes especially to the knuckle joints of the toes. In doing this surgery three procedures are involved. First one is joint fusion, in which the joint of the big toe is fused. The second one is removal of knuckle. This is done in order to strengthen the toes and giving relief from clawing and curling of the toes. Not only that, it also releases the pressure from the front foot. The third one is Osteotomies, where the joints are maintained without removing the knuckles. This is done by cutting the bones where metatarsals are formed. There are some other non surgical treatments that may lower the pain and inflammation in the toes. They are Orthotic devices, fluid aspiration, and steroid injections.