Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is one among hundred types of arthritis found in different patients. It is a chronic inflammatory disorder, where one’s immune system attacks the body cells, leaving a patient into severe pain and inflammation. It is incurable in nature, so there are some treatments that may help a patient, to get relief from pain. There are several pain relief drugs, therapies, exercise, and also some natural treatment to eradicate the pain and inflammation from the synovial joints of a patient. But before treatment, diagnosis is very important as because a patient has to go through several blood tests and X-rays in order to get the conformation of arthritis especially Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Pain relieving drugs
Some pain relieving drugs includes Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like, ibuprofen (advil), and naproxen (alve), which are primarily used by doctors to provide relief to the patients suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis. Patients may also be dosed with stronger NSAIDs, but there is a risk of liver, kidney, and stomach to get damaged. Some Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) like, methotrexate (trexall), hydro xycloroquine (plaquenil), leflunomide (arava), sulfasalazine (azulfidine), etc are used by doctors if NSAIDs fails to work. They may also prescribe both of them at the same time. These drugs affect the bone marrow, lungs, liver, etc. Some Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), are another type of drugs followed by the doctors in order to provide relief from pain and inflammation to the patients. These factors include etanercept (enbrel), infliximab (remicade), golimumab (simponi), etc. But they may cause some serious infection to joints and could also cause some types of cancer. A Corticosteroid steroid is also injected by the doctors, directly into the affected joints in order to get rid of regular medication and immediate pain to the patient.
Relief without drugs
There are different non-drug therapies now a day that provide help from pain and different types of swelling. Physical exercise keeps the patient’s joints and muscles move, and improve the mobility of joints. This may gain fitness level and decrease the pain. Massage is very important as it relaxes the muscles and provides relief to it. Hot and cold treatment is a type of treatment that is directly given to the affected area of the patient. This is a traditional type of therapy that provides relief from pain and swelling to the joints. There are some lotions called topical lotions that may be applied to the affected areas to decrease the sensitivity of pain. Acupuncture is a modern therapy which includes the practice of inserting fine pointed needles in to the pressure points called “meridians” to relieve pain for the patients suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Last option surgery
Surgery is the ultimate option, if a patient cannot face the unbearable pain and swelling. Some surgery includes Total Joint Replacement, Joint Fusion, Tendon and Ligament Repair. But it includes several risks like extra bleeding, risk of death, etc. Surgery requires a lot of money for the patient suffering from RA.