Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease where the synovial joints are primarily affected. In its further progression it affects the other tissues and organs like heart, lungs, kidney, and the eyes. Rheumatoid arthritis uveitis is cause due to the side effects of rheumatoid arthritis. Uveitis is an inflammation condition of the eyes which involves inflammation especially to the middle layer of the eyes called tract or uvea. The choroid, ciliary, and the iris together are called uvea. Uvea plays a pivotal role in our vision as many of the arteries and veins supply blood to our eyes.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis uveitis
There are several symptoms that cause this disease. There may be irritation in eyes followed by its redness. There is unbearable pain and the vision becomes blurred. Patients having uveitis have increases sensitivity to sunlight and U V rays followed by some sort of floating spots before the eyes. These symptoms increases rapidly and if left untreated, may damage your vision permanently. So it is advised to visit an ophthalmologist if pain and redness to eyes does not go up quickly.
Causes of uveitis
There are many causes of rheumatoid arthritis uveitis and some prominent among them are infection caused due to virus, bacteria, fungi and parasite. Inflammatory disease like rheumatoid arthritis or some previous injury to the eyes is some other cause of uveitis.
Types of uveitis
Basically there are four types of uveitis and they are Iritis, Cyclitis, Retinitis, and Choroiditis.
Iritis- This form of uveitis is associated with autoimmune disorder like rheumatoid arthritis, where the iris of the eyes is mostly affected. It is known for having developed suddenly and may irritate a patient for few weeks.
Cyclitis- This form of uveitis is a form of inflammation in the central portion of the eyes and is known for affecting the muscles that are attached to lens. This is also known for its sudden occurrence but lasts for few months.
Retinitis- This form of uveitis affects the black portion of the eyes. It is very progressive in nature and hard to treat.
Choroiditis- In this form the inflammation takes place under the retina of the eyes. Tuberculosis could be one of the major causes of this condition.
Rheumatoid arthritis uveitis is a condition if prevailed for longer time, can damage the eyesight as well as it can cause total blindness. So it is advised to the patients, if they find any of the symptoms mentioned above, to have consulted with an ophthalmologist. Diagnosing process may include a total examination of the eyes followed by laboratory test that includes blood tests and X- rays.
Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis uveitis
As uveitis is a serious condition that may cause blindness, it must be treated as early as possible. Eye drops containing drugs may be prescribed by the doctors in order to get relief from inflammation and pain. If rheumatoid arthritis uveitis is infectious doctors may opt for antibiotics. If patient has sensitivity to light then doctors may ask them to wear dark glasses.