Stem cell therapy for rheumatoid arthritis is nothing but transplantation of immune through stem cell therapy. Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto immune, chronic disease where the immune system of a patient attacks the body cells. In this disease the tender synovial joints like knee, elbow, hand, finger, etc are attacked. This may even take the shape of deformity to several joints. Pain and inflammation occurs in the joints. The conventional treatment includes drugs like non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (N S A I D s), disease modifying anti rheumatoid drugs (D M A R D s) and steroids like corticosteroids. This is an age where everything can be transplanted starting from kidney to heart. Scientists are now trying out to transplant immunity of person through stem cell therapy for rheumatoid arthritis as this is an auto immune disease. An immune system is not like a solid organ that can be transplanted. So a therapy called stem cell therapy is used to ablate the marrow and this can be done by infusing the stem cells. This stem cell therapy is nothing but ablating the marrow by giving birth to a fresh immune system that is known for helping the joints.
Different studies of stem cell therapy for rheumatoid arthritis
According to a study done in October 1999 by Geoff McColl on a man with resistant rheumatoid arthritis was the first ever to have a stem cell therapy that was reported successfully. The man was 40 year old and was devoid of the conventional treatment. He was treated with stem cells from his twin brother and showed some surprisingly results. After treatment he didn’t show any symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and more over he could swim and even ride a bicycle.
Another study done in August 2004 on a lady with resistant R A showed a successful stem cell therapy. The lady who was treated with the stem cell from her sister was 52 years old. She also showed some positive results and no as such symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis appeared within one year. Now her blood count didn’t show any rheumatoid factor and the rheumatoid nodules are also gone. The stiffness and the swelling that used to create problem especially in the morning were gone.
Though after that several studies were done in Netherlands and from Peking University also showed some positive results but in some cases this stem cell therapy didn’t worked. They had to continue with the conventional (D M A R D s) and Corticosteroids to relief from pain and inflammation.
This is a developing phase of stem cell therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. This therapy has been induced on animals for treating different types of arthritis and the results were surprising. Depending upon the security of human beings it will take some time to be used as daily treatment. The adult stem cells that come from patients own body is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. This stem cell therapy is performed by a plastic surgeon under the use of general anesthesia.