What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic, inflammatory disorder and autoimmune in nature, which primarily attacks the several synovial joints and then tissues and the organs like heart, lungs, kidney, etc. The actual cause of this disease is not yet known and so its cure. But the doctors have come to some conclusion that some gene, hereditary, and environmental factors are main cause of this fatal disease.
Types of Rheumatoid Arthritis
There are different types of rheumatoid arthritis that persist in 1 percent of the total world’s population.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis- It is the most common prevalent form of arthritis that occurs in children between the age group of six months to sixteen years of age. Also called ‘idiopathic’, as it is a condition with no definite cause and ‘arthritis’, because it leads to inflammation of the synovial joints like hands, fingers, knees, elbows, etc.
Ankylosing spondylitis- It is chronic inflammatory generally of the axial skeleton with involvement of peripheral joints. It affects mostly the joints in the spine and the joints of sacroiliac in the pelvis. It causes certain fusion of the spine.
- Hip Rheumatoid Arthritis– Also known as Hip dysplasia. It is congenital or acquired deformation or misalignment of the hip joint. It causes severe pain, inflammation, and stiffness in the thigh, lower back, and groin. Several symptoms may include fatigue, fever, and loss of appetite.
- Knee Rheumatoid Arthritis– Popularly known as Knee Osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative disease caused to the knee joint. It is common in people older than 50 years of age, and women are more prone to this disease.
- Cervical Spondylosis– It is a type of disorder in which a patient may find ‘wear and tear’ of the cartilages and neck bones involving the cervical vertebrae, which causes chronic neck pain. The symptoms may develop slowly by having pain over the shoulder blade and may get worse suddenly by spreading to the upper arm, finger, and forearms, forbidding them to move.
- Seronegative Rheumatoid Arthritis– It is a type of Rheumatoid Arthritis in which a doctor doesn’t find Rheumatoid Factor in the blood test of a patient. Some patients may show all the symptoms of RA but may be negative in this factor. Some symptoms involve pain, swelling, tender joint, flu, stiffness especially in the morning, pain in muscles and limitation of movement.
- Lupus– It is also called systemic lupus erythematosus in medical terminology. It not only affects the joints but the other body organ also. Some of its symptoms include neurological symptoms, kidney disorder, heart and lungs problem etc.
- Gout– It is also a form of Rheumatoid Arthritis. In this form a patient may have sudden and severe pain in the joints, though one joint is affected at a time.
These are few types of Rheumatoid Arthritis that a Rheumatologist wants to know, in order to provide specific and genuine treatment to a patient. By categorizing this disease it becomes helpful for the patients for their long term treatment.