Who discovered rheumatoid arthritis? Actually this question can’t be replied in a simple one liner. A whole lot of history is certainly involved with it. Firstly, one must know the disease is not new; it’s been for ages now. Yes, it might not be termed as rheumatoid arthritis those days. But the symptoms they suffered were quite the same in comparison with the modern day rheumatoid arthritis. Fossils remains of early Red Indians found in Tennessee, U S A proves that. Studies have shown that those excavated body suffered rheumatoid arthritis, those studies came to conclusion after getting conclusive evidence of skeletal deformity.
In ancient medicinal science called Ayurveda in India, described similar sort of symptoms which matched the modern day disease of R A. Actually it had texted documents to prove that, those documents is nearly 200 B C old. Who discovered rheumatoid arthritis? This question’s answer might be replied in steps, actually it is not justifiable to say it out right that old world had no knowledge about it. But, yes, of course the term rheumatoid arthritis was not mentioned never before.
The disease’s name actually came in existence for the first time in modern history in 1591. Though, then also rheumatoid arthritis was not used, but a step forward to gradual progress of the word for sure. The word is rheumatism; Guillaume de Baillou was a French scientist who used the word for first time. He used this word to describe the disease as an inflammatory disease which causes muscle stiffness, joint pain etc.
After several years, Augustin Jacob Landre Beauvais was also a French doctor and surgeon who wrote the first written description of the disease, i.e. Rheumatoid arthritis. But, he mistakenly described the disease as a form or type of gout. In short if anyone has this question in mind, who discovered rheumatoid arthritis? Sir Alfred Baring Garrod an Englishman who first coined this medical term in 1859 and since then the word is included in the medical dictionary. Sir Alfred Baring Garrod was a renowned doctor, researcher born in Ipswich, England.
But with all these tussles of the coining of words, an Australian virologist discovered the main theory behind the disease, which is auto immunity. Where he has stated first, that body’s own immune system somehow collides with its own cells and tissues, which actually cause rheumatoid arthritis. Though it is not certain that what triggers auto immunity. In 1960 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in the field of medicine and philosophy.
But it is quite sad, still rheumatoid arthritis don’t have any cure. Though medicinal treatment can provide some comfort to patients. Rheumatoid arthritis and its cause are not so clear to doctors and researchers. But some changes in life style surely ease patients with great deal. Modern medicinal facilities, researches are likely to come up with a solution soon. If the thing happens quickly, it might solve many cases of other auto immune diseases also. Scientists are trying their level best to make people smile, at least as an optimist they are in pursuit of it.